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What is Gabapentin and what is used for?
Gabapentin (also known under the brand name of Neurontin) belongs to a group of anticonvulsive medications. It is used to relieve seizures during epilepsy, to ease some types of nerve pain. Gabapentin is also used to get rid of anxiety and inner pressure.
The drug has proved the ability to prevent developing spasms. You can buy generic Gabapentin, which is much cheaper than the brand medication.
It is a prescription medicine, that is why use it if you have accurate indications to its intake. Gabapentin is prescribed for adult patients with neuroparalytic pains. It is also indicated to treat fractional cramps with both the existence of secondary generalization and without it for patients over 12 years old. Gabapentin is used as an additional medicine for children under 12 years old with the same diagnosis.
Take the drug with or without food, no matter are you on a diet or not. In case you need to cancel its intake or replace the medicine, reduce the dosage gradually for a week.
Sometimes Gabapentin treatment course is also recommended to start gradually. Take 300 mg the first day, 300 mg two times a day the second day. The dosage of the third day is 300 mg three times a day. Gabapentin dosage of 900 mg a day is standard for adult patients in most cases. Sometimes it may be gradually increased up to 3600 mg and even 4800 mg a day depending on health condition.
It is proved that the further increase of dosage reduces the bioavailability of a gabapentin in a body. Thus, the maximum time slot between the drug intakes should not exceed 12 hours. Otherwise, you may feel a renewal of spasms.
Consult with your attending physician about the optimal dosage for children and more information about Gabapentin intake.
The medication is manufactured in a form of tablets. Treatment by Gabapentin does not demand laboratory control. It can be combined with other anticonvulsive medications according to your doctor's instructions.
You may need a lower dosage of Gabapentin if you have chronic kidneys disorder.
Strictly follow your doctor instruction about the drug intake, do not exceed the dosage. Seek medical help immediately in case of overdose. Tell your doctor about all prescription or medication without prescription you are taking, including natural supplements, before taking the drug.
There are no data that Gabapentin generic may harm a pregnant woman. However, take it only in urgent cases, if you are pregnant. Breastfeeding women should not use this medicine.
Gabapentin is capable of causing certain adverse reactions. Report your attending physician immediately in case you experience side effects.
Avoid taking Gabapentin if you have increased individual sensitivity to its components.
You should also avoid driving a car during treatment with Gabapentin.
Take Gabapentin generic with or without food. If you need to decrease a dosage, to terminate medicine intake or replace it with another one, you should decrease your dosage gradually for at least one week.
In a case of neuropathic pain take 300 mg of Gabapentin 3 times a day. The dosage may be increased up to 3600 mg a day, if necessary.
In a case of epilepsy, seizures take 900 to 3600 mg a day (for adult and children over 12 years old). Start taking Gabapentin from 300 mg 3 times a day the first day and increase the dosage if necessary. The dosage can be raised as much as possible up to 3.6 g/day (divided into 3 equal receptions). The maximum time lapse between doses should not exceed 12 hours, if you take the drug 3 times a day, in order to avoid a renewal of seizures.
Consult with your attending physician regarding a daily dosage of Gabapentin for children under 12 years old.
There is no need to control a concentration of Gabapentin in your blood. You can use Gabapentin in a combination with other anticonvulsive medications without registration of change of its concentration in plasma or concentration of other anticonvulsive medications in serum.
It is recommended to decrease Gabapentin dosage if you have a kidney disorder.
Gabapentin and alcohol
Avoid taking Gabapentin with alcohol, because this drug is known to be an effective remedy used during alcoholism treatment. Simultaneous intake of the drug with alcohol may cause negative side effects.
The following symptoms were observed after taking 49gr of Gabapentin as a single dosage: dizziness, diplopia, speech disorder, drowsiness, lethargy and mild diarrhea.
During pilot studies on mice and rats, the lethal dosage of the drug was not set. Signs of acute toxicity of animals included: ataxia, hard breathing, hypoactivity or excitement.
If you feel overdose symptoms after Gabapentin intake, contact your doctor or call the ambulance.
You may need a hemodialysis procedure if you have severe kidneys disorder.
Take Gabapentin with caution, if you have taken morphine before.
You may take Gabapentin with other anticonvulsant medications at the same time.
Simultaneous intake of Gabapentin with oral contraceptives containing norethindrone and/or ethinylestradiol is also possible.
Take Gabapentin at least 2 hours after intake of antacids containing aluminum and magnesium.
Take Gabapentin with caution, if you are using sleeping pills, painkillers, narcotic medications and medical products for depression.
Gabapentin during pregnancy and breastfeeding
Consult with your doctor about the possibility of using the drug during pregnancy or breastfeeding. There is no data about Gabapentin safety and efficiency for pregnant and breastfeeding women.
Gabapentin can penetrate into breast milk. Influence of the drug on a baby is not yet researched, therefore the drug should be prescribed for breastfeeding women only if the expected advantage of therapy for a mother exceeds the potential risk for a baby.
Gabapentin side effects
In case of treating neuropathic pain with Gabapentin, the following side effects may be observed:
General side effects: casual injuries, asthenia, back pain, flu-like symptoms, headache, infection, various types of pain, peripheral hypostases, an increase of body weight.
Digestive system side effects may include constipation, diarrhea, dry mouth, dyspepsia, flatulence, nausea, vomiting, stomachache.
Nervous system side effects may be the following: walk disorder, amnesia, ataxia, confused mental state, dizziness, hypoesthesia, drowsiness, thought disorder, tremor.
Respiratory system side effects are dyspnea, pharyngitis;
Skin rash may be a possible dermatological reaction.
In case of treating seizures caused by epilepsy, you may experience side effects listed below.
Gabapentin is often used in a combination with other anticonvulsive medications, therefore it is hard to determine which medicine have caused side effects.
General side effects may include: asthenia, general malaise, face edema, exhaustion, fever, headache, viral infection, peripheral hypostases, gain in body weight.
Cardiovascular system side effects are vasodilatation symptoms or arterial hypertension.
Digestive system side effects are the following: flatulence, anorexia, stomachache, constipation, teeth disorders, diarrhea, dyspepsia, an increase of appetite, dry mouth or throat, nausea and/or vomiting.
Musculoskeletal system side effects: arthralgia, back pain, fractures.
Nervous system side effects include: dizziness, gain, lack of reflexes, paresthesia, anxiety, hostility, amnesia, ataxia, confused mental state, coordination disorder, depression, dysarthria, emotional lability, sleeplessness, nervousness, drowsiness, thought disorder, tremor, twitching of muscles.
Respiratory system side effects are pneumonia, cough, pharyngitis, rhinitis.
Dermatological reactions include grazes, acne, skin itch, skin rash.
Urinary system side effects: urinary tract infections, impotence.
All side effects listed above are usually mild or moderate.
Children may have the following side effects during Gabapentin treatment:
General: viral infection, fever, body weight gain, fatigue.
Digestive system: nausea and/or vomiting.
Nervous system: drowsiness, hostility, emotional lability, dizziness.
Respiratory system: bronchitis, respiratory infection.
Other side effects are pharyngitis, infections of upper airways, headache, rhinitis, spasms, diarrhea, anorexia, cough.
Consult with your doctor about a termination of Gabapentin intake if you have the following side effects: drowsiness, ataxia, dizziness, fatigue, nausea and/or vomiting, nausea and/or vomiting and drowsiness.
There were rare cases of the following side effects: renal failure, allergic reactions (including urticaria, angioneurotic hypostasis), alopecia, glucose volume fluctuations at patients with diabetes, breast pain, enzymes activity increasing in a liver, hallucinations, movements disorders, heartbeat, pancreatitis, thrombocytopenia, noise in ears, urinary incontinence, hepatitis.
You may experience anxiety, sleeplessness, nausea, various types of pain in case of sharp termination of Gabapentin intake.
Do not rapidly stop taking Gabapentin if you take it for a long time. The sudden termination of the drug intake can provoke withdrawal symptoms. The gradual dosage decline within weeks or months helps to minimize or prevent withdrawal symptoms. The side effects observed after the termination of Gabapentin intake include sleeplessness, anxiety, excitement, disorientation, confusion of consciousness, photosensitivity, sweating, headache, heartbeat, arterial hypertension.
The medication should be stored in a dry place, away from children and pets.
- Treatment of neuropathic pain.
- Monotherapy of epilepsy seizures and spasms with secondary generalization and without it.
- As an additional medication to treat epilepsy seizures with secondary generalization and without it.
Contraindications of Gabapentin
Do no use the drug for children under 3 years old.
Avoid taking Gabapentin if you are hypersensitive to it.
Take Gabapentin with caution if you have a kidney disorder.
When you decide to stop taking Gabapentin you should do it gradually in order to avoid seizure occurrence.
The drug is not considered to be an effective remedy to treat absence epilepsy.
You should avoid driving a car, working with moving mechanisms, and any other activity demanding increased attention while using Gabapentin before you define your individual reaction to the drug.
Take Gabapentin with caution in case you suffer from renal failure. You may need the decreased dosage in this case.
Is Gabapentin used to get high?
The drug is not an opioid narcotic substance, that is why it is very unlikely you may experience such side effects as are observed after opioid drugs intake. However, the reaction depends on a definite person. Most common side effects of this kind are very mild. It may be, for instance, low blood pressure or dizziness.
Is Gabapentin addictive?
Gabapentin is not on a list of controlled substances and is not considered addictive in a traditional way. It does not influence a brain as, for example, opioid drugs do. However, if you use the medication for a long time, you may need to increase the dosage in order to feel the same effect from the drug as you've experienced before taking lower dosages.
Is Gabapentin a controlled substance?
Gabapentin is not classified as a controlled substance by FDA. However, you need your doctor's prescription to buy Gabapentin online or a local pharmacy.
Where to buy Gabapentin generic online without prescription?
You can't buy Gabapentin without prescription in your local pharmacy. However, you can easily order Gabapentin generic online with no RX required in numerous of online pharmacies around the Internet. You can buy Gabapentin 300mg, 600mg or other dosages offered online.